Our second grade language arts program teaches and reinforces reading skills – comprehension, fluency, phonics and vocabulary. We use the Lucy Calkins reading program and Fundations for phonics. In spelling there is continued focus on phonetic patterns and their relationship to spelling. Work continues with sentence structure, parts of speech, capitalization and punctuation. There is a formal review of the manuscript alphabet in handwriting, using Zaner-Blosser. Journal writing, informational writing and creative writing are all areas of focus. Each year second grade has an Author’s Night, where students get to “publish” their work, and read it in front of their family and friends.
Students in second grade learn the difference between life today and long ago. They study family history, traditions and put events in the order in which they occurred. They learn to identify landforms, oceans and can navigate with a map or globe. The concept of community is expanded. They are taught that all communities throughout the world have similarities and differences and change over time. They study the basic form of our government and the process a bill follows to become a law. They study basic economic concepts, discover how people use resources and interact as producers and consumers. They also study people in our distant and recent history, who are heroes and have made a positive difference in the world.
Students use the Go Math series, which incorporates online videos, interactive Smart Board games and a variety of student workbooks. Students are expected to fluently add and subtract within 100 using various strategies. Word problems and estimation become very important skills. They are introduced to simple multiplication and division. Students continue to work on understanding geometry, fractions, measurement, money and time. Students use charts and graphs for data analysis and practice of mathematical reasoning in problem solving.
The major area of focus for the second grade religion program is the preparation for the Sacraments of Reconciliation and First Communion. Included in this preparation is the celebration of belonging to the Christian community. Students also learn about forgiveness and begin to understand the meaning of sin, sorrow and reconciliation. Students celebrate the life of Jesus and develop a relationship with Him through His presence in the Eucharist. They also study all the parts of a Mass and the correct Mass responses.
Second grade students continue to learn with the FOSS curriculum. They learn more about different animal and plant groupings, their habitats and life cycles. Students further their understanding of the scientific process by asking meaningful questions and conducting investigations. They observe and measure the motion of objects. Students understand the Earth is made of materials with distinct properties and provide resources for human activities.
Spanish begins with greetings, prayers and today’s weather and date. Through music, games and conversations, students review colors, alphabet, numbers, months of the year, days of the week and body parts as warm up. Students learn new vocabulary weekly and perform oral and written activities using their workbooks.